Part 9 Streets, Utilities, and Public Service Code - Title 3 Utilities

  1. Chapter 921 Sewer
  2. Chapter 923 Sewage System
  3. Chapter 925 Extensions of Sewers Outside City Limits
  4. Chapter 927 Sewer Rentals
  5. Chapter 929 Storm Sewer
  6. Chapter 935 Water Lines and Hydrants
  7. Chapter 937 Water Rates
  8. Chapter 939 Special Water and Sewer Rates for Elderly and Disabled
  9. Chapter 941 Illicit Discharges and Connections into Storm Sewer System
  10. Chapter 943 Storm Water Quality Regulations

Chapter 921 Sewer Code

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Section 921.01 Definitions

  1. "City" means the City of North Canton, Ohio.
  2. "Sewage works" or "sewerage system" means all facilities  for disposing of sewage.
  3. "Sewage" or "waste" means the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, singular or in any combination, together with such ground, surface and storm waters as may be present.
  4. "Sewer" means a pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
  5. "Public sewer" means a sewer owned or controlled by the City.
  6. "Combined sewer" means a sewer receiving both surface run-off and sewage.
  7. "Sanitary sewer" means a sewer which carries sewage and wastes and to which storm, surface and ground waters are not intentionally admitted.
  8. "Storm sewer" or "storm drain" means a sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes.
  9. "Sewage treatment plant" means any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
  10. "Industrial wastes" means the water-carried and liquid wastes from industrial or commercial processes as distinct from sanitary sewage.
  11. "Sanitary sewage" means the sewage discharging from the sanitary conveniences of dwellings, including apartment houses and hotels, office buildings, factories or institutions, and free from storm and surface water and industrial wastes.
  12. "Garbage" means solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
  13. "Properly shredded garbage" means the wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.
  14. "Building drain" means that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building, and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning three feet outside the outer face of the building wall.
  15. "Building sewer" means the extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
  16. "B.O.D.", denoting biochemical oxygen demand, means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20 degrees C., expressed in parts per million by weight.
  17. "pH" means the logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
  18. "Suspended solids" means solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids, and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
  19. "Watercourse" means a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
  20. "Person", "enterprise", "establishment", or "owner" means any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
  21. "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
  22. "City Engineer" means the City Engineer of the City of North Canton.
  23. "Plumbing Inspector" means the Plumbing Inspector of the City of North Canton.
  24. "Cooling water" or "industrial cooling water" means water discharged from any system of condensation, air conditioning, cooling, refrigeration or other similar use, which shall be free from odor or oil.  It shall not contain polluting substances which will produce B.O.D., or suspended solids, in excess of ten parts per million by weight of each.
  25.  "Permit and Inspection Division" means the Permit and Inspection Division of the City of North Canton.
  26.  "Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant" means the Canton Wastewater Treatment Plant or any other Treatment Plant to which the North Canton public sewers are subsequently connected.

Section 921.02 Use of Public Sewers Required

  1. No person shall place, deposit or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner upon public or private property within the City, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the City, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other matter which is or may become offensive, noxious or dangerous to the public health.
  2. Except as provided in this chapter, no person shall construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facility, within or under the jurisdiction of the City, intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
  3. The owners of all houses, buildings or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose situated within the City and abutting on any street, alley or right of way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the City are hereby required at their expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this chapter within ninety days after date of official notice to do so, provided that such public sewer is within 150 feet of the structure.

Section 921.03 Private Sewage Disposal System

  1. Connection Required.  Where a public sanitary or combined sewer is not available under the provisions of Section 921.02(c), the building sewer shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with the regulations of the Stark County Board of Health.
  2. Abandonment.  At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal system, as provided in Section 921.02(c), a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with this chapter, and any septic tanks, cesspools and similar private sewage disposal facilities shall be abandoned and filled with suitable material.
  3. Operating Expense.  The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the City.
  4. Local Health Department Regulations.  No statements contained in Section 921.02 and subsections (a) to (c) hereof, shall be construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by the Stark County Health Department.

Section 921.04 Sewer Connections; Permit; Fee

  1. No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the City Engineer.
  2. The owner or his agent shall make application for sewer permit on a special form furnished by the City before the work is commenced.  In no case shall such work be commenced and prosecuted unless such permit is on the ground and in possession of the person doing the work.  Each application for a permit shall give the correct street name and number of house and lot or sublot, which information shall be stated on the permit so issued and shall be of such definite description of the premises as to clearly delineate the location of the same upon the map of the City's sewage system.  The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the City Engineer.  A fee of five hundred dollars ($500.00) for a sewer permit at the time the application is filed is required.
  3. The City Engineer shall not issue a permit for the purpose described in paragraph (a) hereof until the applicant therefor shall have paid, in addition to the charge specified in paragraph (b), a connection charge equal to the current charges rendered by the Stark County Metropolitan Sewer District for each single family residential unit.  For other than single family residential units, the number of units shall be determined by the City Engineer by use of accepted engineering practices and/or Environmental Protection Agency guidelines and on the basis of anticipated sewage flows from the applicant when compared to a single family residence will be considered as a unit of one.
  4. All costs and expenses incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner.  The owner shall be responsible for the maintenance and repair of the building sewer running from the building to the sewer main, including any portion of the building sewer which may lie within the public right of way.  The owner shall indemnify and save harmless the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation, repair and/or maintenance of the building sewer.
  5. An application for repair work to an existing sewer lateral shall be obtained prior to commencing such work, and a fee of fifty dollars ($50.00) shall be paid.

Section 921.05 Tapping License and Fee; Bond; Revocation

  1. All persons making connections, whether at the main sewer or at the end of the lateral, with a public sewer of the City, are required before tapping such sewer to procure a license from the Superintendent of Permits and Inspection.  The fee for such license shall be one hundred fifty dollars ($150.00) for the first year and one hundred fifty dollars ($150.00) per year for each renewal thereof.  All licenses are to run for a period ending December 31 in the year in which they are issued, unless renewed.  Each applicant for a license must file with the Division a surety bond of ten thousand dollars ($10,000) guaranteeing that work they may do will comply in all respects to the provisions in this chapter or other ordinances which may be in force regarding sewer tapping in the City, and that the City shall be saved harmless from any damage claims by reason of work done with the City sewer system.  Applicants shall also furnish proof of their experience which may qualify them to do such work.
  2. Any sewer builder, plumber, gas fitter, sewer tapper or other person acting in such capacity who fails to comply with each and every provision of this chapter or other ordinances regulating the making of connections to the City sewer system shall have their license revoked at the discretion of the Superintendent of the Permits and Inspection.  Nothing in this section shall be construed as a revocation of existing licenses.

Section 921.06 Specifications and Laying of Building Sewers

  1. Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the Permit and Inspection Division, to meet all requirements of this chapter.
  2. All building sewers shall be constructed, laid and connected according to the following standards:
    1. The building sewer shall be of extra heavy cast iron soil pipe, or equal; vitrified clay sewer pipe, ASTM specification (C-425) or equal; or other suitable material approved by the Permit and Inspection Division.  Joints shall be tight and waterproof.  No building sewer shall be laid in the same excavation with a water service pipe.  Any part of the building sewer that is located within six feet of the water service pipe shall be constructed of cast iron soil pipe with leaded joints or vitrified sewer pipe with approved rubber joints.  Cast iron pipe with leaded joints may be required by the Division where the building sewer is exposed to damage by tree roots.  If installed in filled or unstable ground, the building sewer shall be of cast iron soil pipe, except that nonmetallic material may be accepted if laid on a suitable bed as approved by the Division.
    2. The size and slope of the building sewer shall be suitable to the approval of the Division, but in no event shall the diameter be less than four inches.  The slope of such four-inch pipe shall be not less than one-eighth inch per foot.
    3. Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor.  No building sewer shall be laid parallel to or within three feet of any bearing wall, which might thereby be weakened.  The depth shall be sufficient to afford protection from frost.  The building sewer shall be laid at uniform grade and in straight alignment insofar as possible.  Changes in direction shall be made only with properly curved pipe and fittings.
    4. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such drain shall be lifted by approved artificial means and discharged to the building sewer.
    5. All excavations required for the installation of a building sewer shall be open trench work unless otherwise approved by the Division.  Pipe laying and backfill shall be performed in accordance with ASTM specification (C12-19), except that no backfill shall be placed until the work has been inspected.
    6. All joints and connection shall be made gastight and watertight.  Cast iron pipe joints shall be firmly packed with oakum or hemp and filled with molten lead, Federal specification (QQ-L-156), not less than one inch deep.  Lead shall be run in one pouring and caulked tight.  No paint, varnish or other coating shall be permitted on the jointing material until after the joint has been tested and approved.  All joints in vitrified clay pipe or between such pipe and metal pipe shall be made with premolded synthetic rubber or polychloride joints firmly attached to the bell and spigot ends of the sewer pipe at the place of manufacture, or by an approved hot-poured jointing material as specified below.  Material for hot-poured joints shall not soften sufficiently to destroy the effectiveness of the joint when subjected to a temperature of 160 degrees F., and shall not be soluble in any of the wastes carried by the drainage system.  The joint shall be first caulked with dry square braided untarred hemp, to a depth equal to one-fourth of the depth of the bell, or similar approved material and filled with hot-poured compound to full depth.  Other jointing materials and methods may be used only by approval of the Division.
    7. The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall be made by the wye branch, if such branch is available at a suitable location.  If the public sewer is twelve inches in diameter or less, and no properly located wye branch is available, the owner shall at his expense install a wye branch in the public sewer at the location specified by the Division.  Where the public sewer is greater than twelve inches in diameter, and no properly located wye branch is available, a neat hole may be cut into the public sewer to receive the building sewer with entry in the downstream direction  at an angle of about forty-five degrees.  A forty-five degree ell may be used to make such connection, with the spigot end cut so as not to extend past the inner surface of the public sewer.  The invert of the building sewer at the point of connection shall be at the same or at a higher elevation than the invert of the public sewer.  A smooth, neat joint shall be made, and the connection made secure and water tight by encasement in concrete.  Special fittings may be used for the connection only when approved by the Division.
  3. The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the Division when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer.  The connection shall be made under the supervision of the Division.
  4. All excavations for building sewer installations shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard.  Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the City Engineer.

Section 921.07 Substances Prohibited in Public Sewers; Industrial Wastes

  1. Substances Prohibited in Sanitary Sewers.  No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any storm water, surface water, ground water, roof run-off, subsurface drainage, cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
  2. Use of Storm or Combined Sewers.  Storm water and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as combined sewers or storm sewers, or to a natural outlet approved by the Permit and Inspection Division.  Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged, upon approval of the Division, to a storm sewer, combined sewer or natural outlet.
  3. Sewage in Storm Sewers.  No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any sewage into any storm sewer.
  4. Prohibited Discharges.Except as hereinafter provided, no person, firm or corporation shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewer.
    1. Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150 degrees Fahrenheit.
    2. Any water or wastes containing free oils, emulsified oils and grease exceeding an average of 100 parts per million (833 pounds per million gallons) at either soluble matter.
    3. Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
    4. Any garbage that has not been properly shredded.
    5. Any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails, lime slurry, lime residues, chemical residues, paint residues, cannery waste bulk solids or any other solid or viscous substance capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers or other interference with proper operation of the sewage works.
    6. Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or higher than 9.0, or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewage works.
    7. Any wastes or waters containing a toxic or poisonous substance, other than those specifically mentioned in this section, in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant.
    8. Any waters or wastes containing suspended solids of such character and quantity that unusual attention or expense is required to handle such materials at the sewage treatment plant.
    9. Any noxious or malodorous gas or substance capable of creating a public nuisance, or substances causing the release of noxious or poisonous gases after discharge into the public sewer system.
    10. The limits at the industry's sewer outlet for toxic wastes, grease, oil and oil emulsions will be stipulated in individual contracts between the City and industry at the time industry requests permission to use the City's sanitary sewer system for the discharge of its industrial waste. The limits shall be established by the Permit and Inspection Division for each industry in a manner to assure that the concentrations of the several wastes at the sewage treatment works will not exceed those stipulated in subsection (d)(11) hereof when diluted with sewage.  Under no conditions will the discharge of concentrated plating baths or acid pickling liquor to the sanitary sewer system be permitted whether neutralized or not.
    11. The limits of toxic wastes discharged into the public sanitary sewer system shall not exceed the following tentative limits as received at the treatment works.

      Substance

      Parts Per Million

      Iron

      15

      Zinc

      2

      Cyanide

      0.1

      Copper

      1

      Nickle

      3

      Chromium (Hexavalent)

      2

      Chromium (Trivalent)

      1

      Phenols

      10

      Lead

      0.5

      Cadmium

      4

    12. If the concentration of any industrial waste exceeds the limits stipulated above, as received at the Municipal sewage treatment plant, the largest contributor of such waste(s) followed in order by the next largest contributors shall reduce, by acceptable pretreatment and/or flow regulation or both, the amounts wasted to the public sewer until the aggregate of any such waste concentration at the treatment works does not exceed the above prescribed limits.
    13. Any wastes which have excessive volume, B.O.D., color, chlorine requirements, concentration of settleable solids, or have unusual conditions such as suspended solids of an inert nature, or total dissolved solids which are objectionable and cannot be handled at the sewage treatment plant or be in the treatment process shall be subject to special review by the Permit and Inspection Division for:
      1. Approval or rejection of admission to the public sewers;
      2. Modification at the point of origin to permit admission; or
      3. Pretreatment by the industry to permit admission.
    14. Any long half life (over 100 days) of toxic radioactive isotopes, without special permit.  The radioactive isotopes Il3l and P32 used in hospitals are not prohibited if properly diluted at the source, and provided permission is obtained from the Department to discharge these wastes to the sewer.
    15. Any water or waste that for a duration of fifteen minutes has a concentration greater than three times that which is specified for suspended solids and B.O.D. under subsection (g) hereof, and/or which is discharged continuously at a rate exceeding 200 gallons per minute, will be unacceptable.
  5. Interceptors Required.  Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Permit and Inspection Division, they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any inflammable wastes, sand and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units.  All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the Division, and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection. Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature.  They shall be of substantial construction, watertight and equipped with easily removable covers, which when bolted in place shall be gastight and watertight.
  6. Maintenance of Interceptors.  Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained by the owner, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times.
  7. Pretreatment of Industrial Wastes.  The admission into the public sewers of any waters or wastes having a five-day B.O.D. greater than 300 parts per million by weight; containing more than 350 parts per million by weight of suspended solids; containing any quantity of substances having the characteristics described in subsection (d) hereof; or having an average daily flow greater than two percent (2%) of the average daily sewage flow of the City, shall be subject to the review and approval of the Permit and Inspection Division.  Where necessary in the opinion of the Division, the owner shall provide at his expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to:
    1. Reduce the B.O.D. to 300 parts per million and the suspended solids to 350 parts per million by weight;
    2. Reduce objectionable characteristics or constituents to within the maximum limits provided for in subsection (d) hereof;
    3. Control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes. Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the Division and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until approval is obtained in writing.
  8. Maintenance of Pretreatment Facilities.  Where any private pretreatment facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation, by the owner of such treatment facilities at  his expense.
  9.  Control Manholes.  The owner of any property served by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes.  Such manhole shall be accessibly and safely located, and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Permit and Inspection Division.  The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense, and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.

  10.  Tests of Industrial Wastes.  All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of water and wastes to which reference is made in subsections (d) and (g) hereof shall be determined in accordance with "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage", upon the waste discharging through the control manhole provided for in subsection (i) hereof, or upon suitable samples taken at the control manhole.

  11.  Exception to Industrial Waste Provisions.  No statement contained in subsections (a) to (j) hereof will be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the City and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the City for treatment, subject to payment therefor by the industrial concern.

Section 921.08 Sewer System Damage

No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the Municipal sewage works.

Section 921.09 Powers of Inspectors; Right of Entry

The Permit and Inspection Division and other duly authorized employees of the City, shall be permitted to enter upon all properties for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

Section 921.99 Penalty

  1. Whoever violates any provision of this chapter except Section 921.08 shall be served by the City with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof.  The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
  2. Whoever continues any violation beyond the time limit provided for in subsection (a) hereof is guilty of a minor misdemeanor for each violation.  Each day in which any such violation continues shall be deemed a separate offense.
  3. Whoever violates any of the provisions of this chapter shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss or damage occasioned the City by reason of such violation.
  4. Whoever violates Section 921.08 is guilty of a misdemeanor of the third degree.